Dissemination and Implementation Research in HealthTranslating Science to Practice

Dissemination and Implementation Research in HealthTranslating Science to Practice

Ross C. Brownson, Graham A. Colditz, and Enola K. Proctor

Print publication date: 2012

ISBN: 9780199751877

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract

Fifteen to twenty years is how long it takes for the billions of dollars of university-based research to translate into evidence-based policies and programs suitable for public use. Over the past decade, an exciting science has emerged that seeks to narrow the gap between the discovery of new knowledge and its application in public health, mental health, and health care settings. Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research seeks to understand how to best apply scientific advances in the real world, by focusing on pushing the evidence-based knowledge base out into routine use. To help propel this crucial field forward, this book aims to address a number of key issues, including: how to evaluate the evidence base on effective interventions; which strategies will produce the greatest impact; how to design an appropriate study; and how to track a set of essential outcomes. D&I studies must also take into account the barriers to uptake of evidence-based interventions in the communities where people live their lives and the social service agencies, hospitals, and clinics where they receive care. The challenges of moving research to practice and policy are universal, and future progress calls for collaborative partnerships and cross-country research. The fundamental tenet of D&I research—taking what we know about improving health and putting it into practice—must be the highest priority.

Table of Contents

Section One Background

Section Two Theory and Approaches

6 Designing for the Dissemination of Environmental and Policy Initiatives and Programs for High-Risk Groups

Neville Owen, Ana Goode, Brianna Fjeldsoe, Takemi Sugiyama, and Elizabeth Eakin

7 The Role of Organizational Processes in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Gregory A. Aarons, Jonathan D. Horowitz, Lauren R. Dlugosz, and Mark G. Ehrhart

9 Systems Thinking in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Bev J. Holmes, Diane T. Finegood, Barbara L. Riley, and Allan Best

11 Enhancing Dissemination through Marketing and Distribution Systems: A Vision for Public Health

Matthew W. Kreuter, Christopher M. Casey, and Jay M. Bernhardt

Section Three Design and Analysis

12 Design and Analysis in Dissemination and Implementation Research

John Landsverk, C. Hendricks Brown, Patricia Chamberlain, Lawrence Palinkas, Mitsunori Ogihara, Sara Czaja, Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jennifer A. Rolls Reutz, and Sarah McCue Horwitz

Section Four Setting- and population-specific dissemination and implementation

17 Dissemination and Implementation Research in Community and Public Health Settings

Katherine A. Stamatakis, Cynthia A. vinson, and Jon F. Kerner

21 Policy Dissemination Research

Elizabeth A. Dodson, Ross C. Brownson, and Stephen M. Weiss

22 Dissemination and Implementation Research in Populations with Health Disparities

Antronette (Toni) Yancey, Beth A. Glenn, Lashawnta Bell-Lewis, and Chandra L. Ford

24 The Path Forward in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Ross C. Brownson, Mariah Dreisinger, Graham A. Colditz, and Enola K. Proctor

End Matter