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OffshoreExploring the Worlds of Global Outsourcing$
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Jamie Peck

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727408.001.0001

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Between Backshore and Nearshore

Between Backshore and Nearshore

Chapter:
(p.127) 5 Between Backshore and Nearshore
Source:
Offshore
Author(s):

Jamie Peck

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727408.003.0005

Offshore outsourcing has always been about the search for cheaper labor, and therefore cheaper locations. This drove the initial rounds of investment in India and China, and then into other countries as well as down to second- and third-tier cities. More recently, there has been a significant movement to a number of nearshore locations in Latin America (exploiting time-zone and linguistic compatibilities), coupled with a more limited, but nonetheless loudly trumpeted, move to “backshore” some activities to certain lower-cost locations in the United States, especially in the rural South and Midwest. This chapter explores these shifting geographical priorities, rationalities, and currents, and what they reveal about the locational (and cultural) preferences of corporate clients, as mediated through the phalanx of service providers and advisors that comprise the outsourcing complex.

Keywords:   nearshoring, backshoring, onshoring, insourcing, rural sourcing, rural development

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