A book like this can only grow out of the cumulative efforts of our colleagues working on these questions.
Stefan is particularly grateful to Dessalegn Rahmato for introducing him through his writings to life during drought in Ethiopia before he had ever travelled there. And to Angus Deaton for years ago inspiring him to work on risk and the way people respond to it. Thanks are also due to all his friends, colleagues, and ordinary people he has had the privilege to get to know throughout many years of working in Ethiopia and other poor settings. Without the inspiration they have provided, he would have few thoughts to share. Thanks are also due to his colleagues at the UK Department for International Development (DFID) for the opportunities they have given him, and above all for their integrity and sincerity. To name just some who inspired and supported him to work on this particular topic: Peter D’Souza, Nick Dyer, Nick Harvey, Nick Lea, Mark Lowcock, and Joanna Macrae.
Daniel is particularly grateful to his co-author for his mentorship and intellectual generosity, and to Olivier Mahul for encouraging and helping him to move from theory to practice and for continuing to lead and inspire his team at the World Bank. Thanks also to Samuel Maimbo and Michel Noel, without whom this book would have never been written, and to the long list of others in the World Bank and our client countries who are always generous with their opinions, experience, and stories.
Over the years, and in recent times, we have learned from working with and discussing these topics with Christopher Adam, Orazio Attanasio, Sandra Aviles, Abigail Baca, Dario Bacchini, Charlotte Benson, David Bevan, Tessa Bold, Laura Boudreau, Colin Bruce, Cesar Calvo, Michael Carter, Pin Chantarat, Richard Choularton, Sarah (p.xii) Coll-Black, Paul Collier, Samantha Cook, Naomi Cooney, Julie Dana, Alain de Janvry, Alejandro del Valle, Carlo del Ninno, Liz Drake, Mareile Drechsler, Chloe Dugger, Marc Forni, Arpine Ghazaryan, Xavier Giné, Francis Ghesquiere, Ric Goodman, Dermot Grenham, Rashmin Gunasekera, Eugene Gurenko, Stephane Hallegatte, Lena Heron, Ruth Vargas Hill, John Hoddinott, Niels Holm-Nielsen, Oscar Ishizawa, Simon James, Pramila Krishnan, Daniel Kull, Josef Lloyd Leitmann, Felix Lung, Barry Maher, Shadreck Mapfumo, Michael Mbaka, Agrotosh Mookerjee, Karlijn Morsink, Andrew Mude, Robert Muir-Wood, Sujoy Mukerji, Rim Nour, Alula Pankhurst, Lydia Poole, Catherine Porter, Richard Poulter, Christoph Pusch, Kolli Rao, Martin Ravallion, Dirk Reinhard, Elisabeth Sadoulet, Alan Sanchez, Rachel Sberro, Reto Schnarwiler, Benedikt Signer, Alanna Simpson, James Sina, Jerry Skees, Emmanuel Skoufias, Wolter Soer, Andrea Stoppa, Charles Stutley, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Jeremy Tobacman, Niraj Verma, Jose Angel Villalobos, Joachim De Weerdt, Emily White, Tassew Woldehanna, Liam Wren-Lewis, Chris Yiu, and Simon Young. No doubt we forgot to name some.
We would also like to thank our fantastic editor, Sabra Ledent, for her meticulous professional editing. Without her our urge to communicate would not have been fulfilled. Finally, thanks to DFID’s Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme and to the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery for financial support to write this book.
Everything we have written is the product of our own thoughts, and the usual disclaimers apply. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed, right or wrong, are entirely our own. They do not necessarily represent the views of the UK Department for International Development, those of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank and its affiliated organizations, or those of the executive directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent.
DANIEL J. CLARKE